105 million new cases of hungry people have been identified throughout the world during the year 2009. This brings the total to 1.02 billion the number of people affected by hunger. These figures scariest fighters hunger on the eve of World Day of 2009. These are diminish more and more opportunities to reach their goal of halving the number of hungry by 2015.
"Achieving food security in times of crisis, it is around this theme that will be commemorated this year Journé World Food Day (16 October) and the week of Food (from October 12 to 16). This theme, according to Ari Toubo Ibrahim, FAO Representative in Haiti, is in response to various crises affecting the world in economic, financial and food industries.
Indicators of the world food situation are red, according to the revelations of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This agency has reported an increase of 105 million undernourished people in 2009. This gives a total of 1.02 billion people hungry, about one sixth of the world population.
"All this that we remove the global targets, where in 1996 at a summit of Heads of State and Government of the world, the commitment had been made to reduce by half at the end of 2015 number of hungry in the world, said the representative of FAO. At the Earth Summit in 2000, this goal has been strengthened to be part of the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
"In 2009, he says, instead of a regression of hunger, we are witnessing an increasing phenomenon in all regions of the world, both in developed countries than in developing countries. This situation calls for world leaders and also the actors at different levels: the private sector, scientists, academics, media producers. "
Referring to the situation in Haiti, Ari Ibrahim Toubo indicates that for the FAO, Haiti is a special case. The country, he said, has a structural deficit which it has no domestic production enough to meet the needs of residents. To this must be added the changes in eating habits that have made the country dependent on imports. This problem must be solved in two ways: strengthening domestic production and also increase the purchasing power for many people by creating jobs and non-agricultural activities that generate income.
Aware of this situation, leaders of the United Nations have focused the World Food Security food. To this end, many activities were planned to achieve this goal. Thus, a forum of high level experts has been organized around the world and, in November, there will be a global summit around food so that the Heads of State and Government, the plenipotentiaries of the States, are found around this problem.
According to FAO, the growth experienced by the phenomenon of hunger is rooted in the current economic crisis which has generated a reduction of income, job losses, insufficient investment. Such a situation has significantly affected the purchasing power of certain segments of the global population can not afford access to food. The problem is much more in terms of economic access in terms of availability or population growth.
Faced with this situation, the representative of the World Bank in Haiti has assimilated a glimmer of hope the commitment made at the G8 summit in July to invest $ 20 billion in three years for small farmers who constitute the layers most affected by food insecurity.
However, he took the opportunity to recall that for Haiti, the food situation between 2008 and 2009 follows a different trajectory than the rest of the world. Indeed, the number of people facing food insecurity rose from 2.4 million in 2008 to 1.9 million in June 2009. This reduction is even more remarkable that the country suffered in 2008, four devastating hurricanes that ravaged the whole agricultural sector.
Given the progress made in this area by the Haitian leaders supported by the international community, Ari Ibrahim Toubo recognizes that hunger is not a static phenomenon, it's replaceable. Even in times of crisis, it is possible to subtract those most vulnerable to the worst effects of hunger and malnutrition. But this must be done in time and not just the good results achieved in one season.
According to FAO estimates, world agriculture requires an investment of 30 billion dollars a year in aid to farmers. The level of investment required to achieve the World Summit on Food in 1996 to halve the number of people suffering from hunger by 2015.
An innovation was made this year in Haiti in the celebration of World Food will be commemorated in symbiosis with the World Day of Rural Women under the theme: "Organizing for defeminize poverty. In Haiti, 1.9 million people suffer from food insecurity, including 57.62% of rural women.
Thus, on the occasion of World Day of Rural Women and the Week and World Food, the Department of Agriculture Natural Resources and Rural Development (MARNDR), the Ministry for Women and Women's Rights (MCFDF) invite reflection on these figures and the human suffering they cause and to continue to work towards achieving the MDGs.